0Shares0000Christian Pulisic opened the scoring as Borussia Dortmund took the Bundesliga title race to the wire with a 3-2 win over Fortuna Duesseldorf © AFP / INA FASSBENDERBERLIN, Germany, May 11 – Bayern Munich missed the chance to wrap up a seventh successive Bundesliga title as they were held to a goalless draw at RB Leipzig on Saturday and rivals Borussia Dortmund edged a nervy 3-2 win over Fortuna Duesseldorf.Chelsea-bound US international Christian Pulisic found the net in his final home game for Dortmund, helping them to battle back to within two points of league leaders Bayern ahead of the final round of games next weekend. Bayern can now secure the title with a win at home to Eintracht Frankfurt next Saturday, while Dortmund must win at Borussia Moenchengladbach.Dortmund, who looked dead and buried after slipping four points behind last week, enjoyed the rub of the green as they stumbled to victory over Duesseldorf.Pulisic, who will join Chelsea next season, bid an emotional farewell to the Dortmund fans before the game and then opened the scoring on 41 minutes.A howler from stand-in goalkeeper Marwin Hitz allowed Oliver Fink to equalise, but Thomas Delaney restored the lead for Dortmund.Hitz then gave away a penalty with a foul on Dodi Lukebakio, but the Belgian dragged the ball wide from 12 yards.Mario Goetze appeared to seal the win for Dortmund on 90 minutes, but Dawid Kownacki pulled one back for Duesseldorf minutes later to make it a nerve-jangling finish for the hosts.Bayern Munich missed the chance to win a seventh straight Bundesliga title on Saturday © AFP / Odd ANDERSENIn Leipzig, Leon Goretzka’s stylish scissor-kick sent Bayern into ecstasy after half-time, but the goal was ruled out by VAR.Serge Gnabry hit the bar later in the second half, but Bayern could not force the winner.– Nuremberg and Hanover relegated –At the other end of the table, Nuremberg and Hanover were finally relegated as Stuttgart secured the relegation play-off place with a 3-0 win over Wolfsburg.Hanover went down fighting as goals from Waldemar Anton, Ihlas Bebou and Walace saw them beat Freiburg 3-0.Yet Anastasios Donis, Gonzalo Castro and Daniel Didavi were on the mark for Stuttgart to condemn Hanover and Nuremberg to the drop.Nuremberg, meanwhile, suffered a 4-0 defeat to Borussia Moenchengladbach thanks to an own-goal from Lukas Muehl and strikes from Thorgan Hazard, Denis Zakaria and former Nuremberg man Josip Drmic.The thumping win sees Gladbach go fourth overnight, leapfrogging both Eintracht Frankfurt and Bayer Leverkusen, who were held to a 1-1 draw at home to Schalke, Guido Burgstaller cancelling out Kai Havertz’s opener.Frankfurt have the chance to break back into the top four with a win over Mainz on Sunday.Werder Bremen also kept their European hopes alive with a 1-0 win over Hoffenheim, and Hertha Berlin snatched a late 4-3 victory away to Augsburg.Johannes Eggestein’s first-half goal condemned RB Leipzig-bound coach Julian Nagelsmann to defeat in his last home game in charge of Hoffenheim.Andre Hahn and Michael Gregoritsch put Augsburg ahead three times but goals from Marvin Plattenhardt and Marko Grujic kept Hertha in the game before a late brace from Salomon Kalou secured three points.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)
GAA: There were two more cracking replays in the Senior Football Championship which saw St Eunan’s and Four Masters through to the next round.St Eunan’s and Kilcar went head to head in Convoy, while Four Masters took on Ardara in the other game.And in the Convoy clash it was county stars making all the headlines; Rory Kavanagh sent off after a melee in the second half – while Paddy McBrearty hit a goal for Kilcar. The Letterkenny team led by three at half time- -0-06 to 0-03 in Convoy.But two quick goals from Kilcar, the second a penalty from McBrearty, put them into the lead.Eunan’s came back again through sub David McGinley – to sneak back into the lead.And it was McBrearty who tied the sides at 2-05 to 1-08 with a ’45 three minutes from time. But just when the momentum appeared to be heading in Kilcar’s direction, St Eunan’s Ross Wherity hit a superb goal to give the Letterkenny lads a 2-08 to 2-05 victory.In the other game Four Masters were superb tonight; leading right through at MacCumhaill Park.Michael Doherty was excellent throughout, hitting a superb 45 before the end.The final score was 0-12 to 0-05.Happy ever after: pic courtesy of Ardara GAA GAA: FOUR MASTERS AND ST EUNAN’S THROUGH TO THE NEXT ROUND was last modified: October 12th, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Man United transfer news live: Haaland ‘wants a change’, two players off in January 1 How the Premier League table could change after the Boxing Day fixtures possible standings Latest Manchester United News RANKED IN DEMAND smart causal gameday cracker deals According to Mundo Deportivo, Mina is now waiting for Barca and United to agree a fee after accepting a five-year deal at Old Trafford.The defender will earn €8.5m (£7.6m) per year at Manchester United. Every current Premier League club’s best kit from the past decade England’s most successful clubs of the past decade, according to trophies won who plays? How Man United could line up for Newcastle clash – will Pogba start? Which teams do the best on Boxing Day in the Premier League era? Man United joined by three other clubs in race for Erling Haaland REVEALED silverware REVEALED Currently, there is something of a deadlock between the two sides, as the English club have offered €39m (£34.7m) for Mina, while the Blaugrana are holding out for €45m (£40.1m).Jerome Boateng has been touted as a potential alternative for Manchester United, should they not be able to reach a compromise with Barcelona. Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade Where Ancelotti ranks with every Premier League boss for trophies won Mina starred for Colombia at the World Cup Yerry Mina has reportedly agreed personal terms to sign for Manchester United, however the deal is not yet done.The Colombian centre-back’s current club Barcelona are holding out for a higher transfer fee, and will be reluctant to let him leave unless Jose Mourinho’s side pay the price they are demanding. Boxing Day fixtures: All nine Premier League games live on talkSPORT
Daniel O’Donnell has admitted his upcoming fundraising concert in Dungloe will be very difficult as it falls almost on the anniversary on the death of his beloved mum Julia.Daniel and late mum Julia.Julia passed away in the early hours of May 18th last year at Dungloe Community Hospital, aged 94.A fundraising concert which Daniel was due to play later that day was cancelled because of his mum’s death. The star vowed to fulfil his promise and despite vowing to take it easy for 2015, will now play the show in just two weeks time.But Daniel admitted “We are looking forward to a great day at the concert. For myself and the rest of the family it will be tinged with sadness, as it was on that day last year that my mother passed away.“I know she would be delighted that this concert is taking place, to raise funds for the hospital where she got such great care during her final days. So hopefully she’ll send the sunshine our way on the day.”In relation to the seating the organisers have hired 1500 seats for the concert that will be available on the day for sale at €5 . Daniel added “It will be on a first come first serve basis so I would urge those of you who want seats to get there early. The show starts at 1pm. As well as the concert there will be lots to do for children so it really is a great day for all the family and so much for everyone to enjoy.”Daniel is still in Tenerife with wife Majella but will jet into Donegal on May 14th.“Our house is in the South of Tenerife and for Majella’s birthday, we travelled to the North which is about an hour and a half away to Puerto de la Cruz. We stayed there for a few days to celebrate her birthday. We really had a lovely time.“The north of the island is very different to the south, because they get more rain there is a lot of vegetation, trees, flowers and greenery that you don’t see in the south. It was almost like being back at home. It was so nice to wake up in the morning and smell the newly cut grass.”And the star admitted that his golf game is getting no better despite a lot of practise. “I have been playing a bit of golf but it’s the same old story I’m afraid and not getting much better. I don’t think Rory Mc Elroy has to worry just yet.”And he also revealed that himself and wife Majella are now looking forward to becoming grandparents with Majella’s daughter Siobhan heavily pregnant.“Siobhan has just left after spending a few days with us. She is doing really well and only has 3 months to go until the arrival of her baby. So the excitement is building.”DANIEL ADMITS CONCERT WILL BE HARD AFTER LOSS OF BELOVED MUM was last modified: May 2nd, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:concertdaniel o’donnelldonegaldungloemum Julia
Donegal death notices for today, Tuesday, June 27.Joan BONNERThe death has taken place at Letterkenny University Hospital of Joan Bonner, Townparks, Convoy. Her remains will repose at her late residence from 6pm on Tuesday, 27th June. Funeral Service there at 12 noon on Wednesday, 28th June, and afterwards for interment in the family plot in St. Mary’s Old Cemetery in Convoy.No flowers please, donations, if desired, to St. Joseph’s Hospital, Stranorlar care of Gibson Funeral Directors, Convoy. Norman DUNCANThe death has occurred of Norman Duncan, 28 Ardeskin Heights, Donegal Town, Donegal.Removal from Donegal Community Hospital this evening at 7.30pm to Donegal Parish Church. Funeral Service tomorrow, Wednesday at 2pm in Donegal Parish Church with burial afterwards in the Glebe Cemetery. House private please. Family flowers only, donations in lieu, if so desired, to Cleary House, Letterkenny. Bridget DOHERTYThe death has occurred of Bridget Doherty, Roe, Glebe, Linsfort, Buncrana, Donegal.Reposing at her late residence. Funeral Mass tomorrow, Wednesday, 28th June, at Star of the Sea Church, Desertegney at 11am. Burial afterwards in the adjoining graveyard. Family flowers only. Donations to the Buncrana Nursing Unit. House private from 11pm to 10am.Donegal Death Notices – Rest in Peace was last modified: June 27th, 2017 by Elaine McCalligShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:donegal death noticesobituaries
Another tragic death has occurred as ex-Hurricane Ophelia hits Ireland.A man in his 30s has died in Ballybrado, Cahir, Co. Tipperary while clearing a fallen tree.The man sustained serious injuries with a chainsaw at 12.30pm today, Gardai have confirmed. The man has since passed away and his body has been removed to Clonmel Hospital.A statement said: “Gardaí continue to advise all persons to stay indoors and not to venture out. Do not put your life or the lives of the Emergency Services at risk by travelling unless absolutely necessary.“Please be advised if you require urgent assistance of the emergency services to dial 999.”Earlier today a woman in Aglish, Waterford sustained fatal injuries when a tree fell on her car. It is now reported that the woman was in her 50s, and was travelling with her mother (70s) who was taken to University Hospital Waterford with non-life threatening injuries. Breaking: Storm Ophelia claims a second life was last modified: October 16th, 2017 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Hurricane Ophelia
I can’t remember a time when I didn’t want to ride a motorcycle “Cape to Cairo”.I am sure the desire to do the journey has been with me forever; or at least since my earliest childhood in London when my imagination, fuelled by reading comics in the late ’60s and early ’70s, began to dream of far-off lands and exotic people from the time before mobile phones, GPS and the internet, when adventure meant one man pitted against the elements.The impulse for a long distance trip also fed into the enduring idea of escape, and as I get older there seems more to escape from.More exotic than EalingI got married in Johannesburg in the 1980s, which was the first time I set foot on African soil and was thrilled to see I had arrived in the comic book scenes of my childhood: of Zulus and witch doctors, of lions and elephants, of stifling heat and tropical storms.It certainly seemed more exotic than the London Borough of Ealing, where I was brought up.But it was not until a couple of years ago when I bought a home in Cape Town and started dividing my time between Britain and South Africa that I started taking the whole idea of riding through Africa seriously – Cairo to Cape.Nobody else did of course but that’s the thing with hare-brained schemes, they wouldn’t be hare-brained if everybody wanted to do them.The journey was taking shape in my mind, I just needed a little push to get started, and I got it from a most unexpected place.Tea; not only as a thirst-quencherLike the African overland journey, I have always loved tea, not only as a thirst-quencher but also because of the cerebral effects it has on the drinker – I’ve used the amber liquid to commemorate, commiserate and celebrate, so I’m used to turning to the teapot to help me through every occasion.The tea ritual also has long fascinated me. I am sure world summits, peace negotiations and civil wars could be resolved more quickly over a nice pot of tea.But of course someone would have to make the tea; that is an important part of the ritual, the idea that somebody has gone to the trouble of boiling the kettle, setting a tray, enquired “Milk or lemon?”, and then poured the precious liquid into your waiting cup breaks down perceived barriers and is the perfect starting point for conversation.After you’ve shared a pot of tea you feel closer to your guest (or host) in a way that sharing a pint in a pub can never do. The ritual is in your own hands, you create the encounter, you make it what it is, and every one is different.Mandela, PW take teaOn July 5 1989, before Nelson Mandela was officially released from prison, he was taken to a meeting with President Botha to negotiate reforms that were to change the face of South Africa. The remarkable meeting prompted a surprised Mandela to later recall: “The thing that impressed me was that he poured the tea.”Why was Mandela impressed? Because tea is a great leveller, and the politics of pouring the tea says more than a year of diplomatic negotiations ever can.The meeting proved that even at statesman level there is something human-scale and undeniably intimate to the ritual of sharing a pot of tea. It cements long-held friendships, turns strangers into new friends and, apparently, helps politicians create the New South Africa.My thoughts on tea got me wondering, what do Africans think about the tea ritual? Do they even drink tea? Do they serve milky tea or tea without, tea in a mug or a china cup, served on a tray, with or without sugar? What time of the day is it served? Does it matter? Is it served with the same formality as it is on occasion in Britain? Does the phrase “I’ll put the kettle on” at times of crisis have the same connotations? Is it used as a soother or a pick-me-up, a consolation or a celebration?The used tea bag transformedThese were some of the questions I needed answering. So it was fortuitous that my embryonic thoughts on tea were given a shot of inspiration after a visit to Original Tea Bag Designs in Hout Bay, Cape Town.The project, whose products are sold around the world, creates superb gifts based on the humble tea bag. The used tea bag is dried, emptied of its leaves and then painted on. The resulting artworks are applied to a huge number of products from coasters to trays, from bookmarks to jewellery, from wooden boxes to candle holders.I found it inspiring that someone had found a way of extending the life of the modest tea bag – the very epitome of the throwaway society.My plans for the trans-Africa trip and my love of tea coalesced into one brilliant idea: wouldn’t it be great if on the Cairo to Cape trip I stopped for tea with people I met along the way.Tea stops across AfricaNow it began to get exciting as I planned a five-month trip across two continents, stopping for tea at every opportunity and collecting the teabags for Original Tea Bag Designs to make more amazing products.The project would be the final destination of the journey (not least because they promised me a “welcome home” tea party on February 22 2008), which I had now christened the African Brew Ha Ha – The Search for the Ultimate Cuppa.The solo trip through Africa proved to be the most physically challenging five months of my life but also, in many ways, the most poignant.I had no idea what the trip would involve before I left, but with the help of everybody I met along the way I succeeded.And the tea was terrific – I had tea as a consoler, tea as a celebration, tea as a thirst-quencher, tea as a greeting, and finally a tea party as a great welcome home when I arrived in Hout Bay (15 minutes late!).Cheers!© Alan Whelan 2008Story submitted to SAinfo on 1 May 2008
Johannesburg, Friday, 07 December 2018 – Brand South Africa calls on citizens for humanitarian support following a massive fire in Alexandra (Alex) on Thursday, 06 December 2018. The Johannesburg emergency services managed to distinguish the blaze preventing further damage to the area.The fire has displaced hundreds of people, according to emergency services spokesperson, Nana Radebe, “at least 500 shacks have been destroyed, leaving 150 families displaced”.Brand South Africa calls on all to unite, play their part and assist with providing humanitarian support in the form of food, water, shelter which can be delivered to Alex and the Sandton fire station. It is imperative now more than ever to be reminded that “a nation’s greatness is measured by how it treats its weakest members.”Brand South Africa applauds Gift of the Givers who are on site in Alex providing aid and have moved a mother who gave birth yesterday and another with four children who lost everything in the fire, to their Logistics Centre in Bramley.In a statement Gift of the givers said; “our teams are registering the rest of the victims and transporting them to a nearby hall where we are providing food, bottled water, blankets and mattresses. During the course of today, further appropriate interventions will be effected”.Gift of the Givers on-site contact person, Emily Thomas 083 652 0315.
6 August 2014South African Airways is partnering with US aerospace giant Boeing and Amsterdam-based SkyNRG to make sustainable aviation biofuel from a new type of tobacco plant, in a pioneering project that could make aviation more environment-friendly while advancing rural development in southern Africa.“It’s an honour for Boeing to work with South African Airways on a pioneering project to make sustainable jet fuel from an energy-rich tobacco plant,” J Miguel Santos, Boeing’s MD for Africa, said in a joint statement on Wednesday. “South Africa is leading efforts to commercialize a valuable new source of biofuel that can further reduce aviation’s environmental footprint and advance the region’s economy.”According to the statement, SkyNRG is expanding production of the hybrid plant, known as Solaris, as an energy crop that farmers could grow instead of traditional tobacco.“Test farming of the plants, which are effectively nicotine-free, is under way in South Africa, with biofuel production expected from large and small farms in the next few years,” the companies said.Initially, oil from the plant’s seeds will be converted into jet fuel. In coming years, Boeing expects emerging technologies to increase South Africa’s aviation biofuel production from the rest of the plant.“By using hybrid tobacco, we can leverage knowledge of tobacco growers in South Africa to grow a marketable biofuel crop without encouraging smoking,” said Ian Cruickshank, SAA’s group environmental affairs specialist.Maarten van Dijk, chief technology officer at SkyNRG, said his company “strongly believe[s] in the potential of successfully rolling out Solaris in the southern African region to power sustainable fuels that are also affordable”.SAA and Boeing signed a memorandum of understanding in October last year in which they agreed to work together to develop and implement a sustainable aviation biofuel supply chain in southern Africa – a first for the continent.As part of the project, Boeing and SAA are working with the Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials, an international multi-stakeholder initiative, to position farmers with small plots of land to grow biofuel feedstocks that provide them with an income without harming food supplies, fresh water or land use.According to the two companies, flight tests show that biofuel, which is derived from organic sources such as plants or algae, performs as well as or better than petroleum-based jet fuel. “When produced in sustainable ways, biofuel contributes far less to global climate change than traditional fuels, because carbon dioxide is pulled out of the atmosphere by a growing plant-based feedstock.”In 2011, aviation biofuel refined to required standards was approved for a blend of up to 50 percent with traditional jet fuel. Globally, more than 1 500 passenger flights using biofuel have been flown since then.SAinfo reporter
Animal health specialists meeting in Abidjan, Ivory Coast, yesterday agreed to try to rid the world of peste des petits ruminants (PPR), a viral disease devastating goat and sheep flocks throughout Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. Control efforts have fallen short. The time has come for a “bolder next step,” said José Graziano da Silva, director-general of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, at the meeting FAO organized with the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) to kick off a global eradication program.Also called ovine rinderpest, PPR kills up to 90% of the animals it infects within days. The virus has spread rapidly over the past 15 years and is now present in 70 countries, putting 80% of the world’s more than 2 billion goat and sheep at risk. FAO estimates that the disease causes more than $2 billion in losses annually and is an economic disaster for the small herders and poor rural households that depend on the animals for milk, meat, wool, and leather both for their own use and for trade.The eradication plan envisions a staged approach. The assessment phase requires determining the numbers and locations of flocks most at risk and building veterinary capabilities. Then control efforts relying on voluntary vaccination will hopefully lead to an endgame in which authorities might enforce vaccination. The final step would be for countries to verify that there have been no PPR cases within their borders for at least 24 months. FAO and OIE believe they will need $4 billion to $7 billion over the next 15 years to accomplish their goal.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)There is a reliable PPR vaccine, though the organizations would like to see improvements made to extend its shelf life in hot climates. They note that strengthening veterinary capabilities would also benefit efforts to combat other diseases, such as foot-and-mouth disease, and improve animal health overall. The plan builds on lessons from the successful eradication of rinderpest, a disease caused by a related virus that had plagued cattle for millennia. After several failed attempts to control rinderpest, FAO launched a Global Rinderpest Eradication Programme in 1993 and declared the disease vanquished in 2011. It was the first time in history that an animal virus had been eradicated.Paul Rossiter, a U.K.-based veterinary consultant who was involved in the rinderpest campaign, notes that the PPR effort starts with a number of advantages. Diagnostic and tracking tools not available in the early days of the rinderpest program are now ready to go for use against PPR. These include tests for antibodies and to identify different viral strains. But he also flags challenges in the field. Many herders and local vets are still unfamiliar with PPR, which can be confused with other infections. And the large numbers of sheep and goats, as well as the rapid replacement rate of the animals, will complicate efforts to attain sufficient levels of herd immunity to stop virus transmission. Thus Rossiter believes that a central challenge facing the PPR eradication program will be developing wider ranging and more imaginative vaccine programs.