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What is the longest-range assist in World Cup history?

first_imgShare on Messenger Share on LinkedIn World Cup Fiver: sign up and get our daily football email. Twitter Share on Facebook Topics Read more Facebook Has anyone made their international bow in a World Cup knockout match? Put your lute tape on the jukebox, Lisa, because we’re about to embark on a history lesson. The short answer is that England wear the three lions on their shirts – as they have done ever since the first international against Scotland in 1872 – because, as representatives of the Football Association, they’re simply sporting the logo of the FA. However, where that logo comes from is a much longer story. The lions have a history going back to the 12th century, when a standard with three gold lions on a red field was carried into battle to inspire the troops.The first one came from Henry I – known as the “Lion of England” – who had a lion on his standard on taking power in 1100. Shortly afterwards he married Adeliza, whose father also had a lion on his shield, and to commemorate the event he added a second lion to his standard. In 1154, two lions became three when Henry II married Eleanor of Aquitaine, who – yes, you’ve guessed it – also had a lion for her family crest. Later that century, Richard the Lionheart (1189-1199) used the three golden lions on a scarlet background as a symbol of the English throne and, after that, it appeared on the Royal Arms of every succeeding monarch.So when the FA was formed in 1863, it seemed natural enough to base their logo on this stirring royal shield. Since then, the design has only been changed once, in 1949 – when the crown that was on top of the lions was removed to differentiate the badge from that of the English cricket team.• For thousands more questions and answers take a trip through the archive.Can you help? Share on WhatsApp The Knowledge World Cup Pinterest Reuse this content And here’s the proof from a grab of England’s subs at the start of the match. Photograph: BBC dan almond (@pompeyrabbi)@TheKnowledge_GU Didier Deschamps, first man to play and manage in Champions League Final, European Championship Final and World Cup Final?July 11, 2018 Twitter center_img features Facebook “Was the pass for South Korea’s second goal against Germany the longest assist in World Cup history?” asked Michael McCourt.Our thoughts at first drifted to Frank de Boer, who pinged a beautiful pass all of 60 yards to Dennis Bergkamp against Argentina at France 98. And we all know what happened next. But having looked at footage of Ju Se-jong’s pass for Son Heung-min’s goal against Germany we measure it at around 75 yards by the time the ball is touched into the net at the six-yard box. You may think there couldn’t be a longer assist than this but there is, and we can’t imagine any other World Cup assist can beat it. Here’s Daniel Bickermann to hammer home our through-ball. “Coincidentally the assist was supplied by Manuel Neuer, who pretty much gave the second South Korea goal away by losing the ball extremely high up the pitch in their group game in Russia. It was against England in 2010. His goal-kick went from the edge of his own six-yard box straight to the opposite penalty spot before Miroslav Klose stabbed it in, which makes that assist about 10 or 15 yards longer than Ju Se-jong’s.”We measure that about 85-90 yards and going back through history, when footballs were heavier and pitches more sticky, we can’t imagine a World Cup has witnessed an assist to rival Neuer’s. But if we’re wrong you know where to get us. Email knowledge@theguardian.com or tweet @TheKnowledge_GU. Football Have you got any other lower-ranked examples? If so, you know the drill.Could England have brought Beasant on for penalties in 1990?“It’s often said that, when England lost on penalties to West Germany at Italia 90, Bobby Robson should have brought big Dave Beasant on for the penalties. Surely England had used all their subs by then hadn’t they?” asks George Jones.The Knowledge has often heard this theory that penalty-save specialist Beasant could have been brought on for Shilton before the spot-kicks. Even Chris Waddle, who missed England’s final kick, is said to have muttered it. But on further investigation, it’s a myth. The Guardian’s very own Rob Smyth, who knows a thing or two about Italia 90, happily busts it. “England hadn’t used all their substitutes, they’d only brought on Trevor Steven for Terry Butcher (you were allowed two subs then), but it’s a myth because in those days you had to name five subs to choose from for each match. England’s other subs were Chris Woods, Tony Dorigo, Steve McMahon and Steve Bull.” So there you have it. Thanks, Rob. Share via Email Pinterest Abdi Moallim (@footexplain)Am I right in thinking Rashford’s penalty against Colombia was his first as a senior? Any other debutant penalty takers in a match with high stakes?July 10, 2018 Knowledge archiveWhat is the history of the three lions on the English football shirt?” asked Lisa Herron 16 years ago in July 2002. Share on Twitter Egypt’s and Wigan’s Sam Morsy, left, comes under fire from a lunge by Edinson Cavani. Photograph: Matthias Hangst/Getty Images James Taylor (@jamestaylor)For many years I have wondered why a #Brazil flag appears in place of the logo portion of the @Philips advertising hoardings in various locations at multiple venues at the 1986 #WorldCup(see attachment). Any insight would be greatly appreciated. #mexico86 #worldcupmysteries #help pic.twitter.com/ty28iCNgDhJuly 10, 2018 Share on Pinterest How low can you go at the World Cup?“Who is the Russia 2018 player at the lowest-ranked club? Is anyone as low as Ahmed Deen who was in the Sierra Leone squad during the 2010 competition playing for Barnet in the fifth tier?” asks Edward Gibson.Well, Edward, having perused our super-soaraway bumper guide to all 736 players at the World Cup we were struggling to find anybody lower than League One. In the Championship, Brentford, who finished ninth, supplied right-back Henrik Dalsgaard to Denmark. Ipswich, 12th in England’s second tier, supplied the Danes with the long throw specialist Jonas Knudsen. Sweden’s Seb Larsson was at 18th-placed Hull City last term while Tunisia forward Wahbi Khazri is still on the books at newly-relegated Sunderland, despite having been out on loan at Ligue 1 Rennes in 2017-18. We then dusted off our magnifying glass and had another look – and the name Sam Morsy leapt out. The Wolverhampton-born midfielder captained Wigan to promotion from League One last season and represented Egypt in Russia, and played in their opener against Uruguay. By our reckoning, he’s the winner. “So, Uruguay have fallen foul to France. That means that by now the French team have knocked out three out of five South American teams at this World Cup (Peru, Argentina and Uruguay). So I started wondering, has any team ever knocked out an entire continent at a World Cup? Or has any team ever bettered France’s 60% hit-rate?” asks Shane Finan.“Belgium played Panama (from the Concacaf confederation), Tunisia (Africa), England (Uefa), Japan (Asia) and Brazil (South America), so their first five games were against teams from five confederations. Has any team played teams from this many confederations before in a single World Cup?” wonders Steve James.“Idly flicking through an old European Football Yearbook, I noted Pauleta scored 22 of Bordeaux’s 34 league goals in the 2001-02 season: 64.7% of their total. No other player got more than two. Has any player ever obtained a higher percentages of their side’s league goals in a season? What’s the English record?” asks David Stainer.• Email your questions and answers to knowledge@theguardian.com or tweet @TheKnowledge_GU. World Cup 2018last_img read more

20 days agoLeeds to cut short loan of Tottenham midfielder Jack Clarke

first_imgLeeds to cut short loan of Tottenham midfielder Jack Clarkeby Paul Vegas20 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveLeeds United are set to cut short the loan of Tottenham midfielder Jack Clarke.The Sun says the 18-year-old was loaned back to Elland Road after his £10million move to Spurs – but has not made a Championship appearance.And Marcelo Bielsa will have £10,000-a-week off the wage bill and a place in his squad when Clarke’s season-long deal is cut short.Bielsa is set to look for a loan signing to add competition for his first team for the second half of the season as the club battle for promotion. TagsTransfersLoan MarketAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img

201516 NBA Preview Have The Heat Moved On From LeBron

The Heat paid Goran Dragic $85 million this offseason to be the franchise’s best point guard since Tim Hardaway. If nothing else, Dragic should ignite a team that played at the NBA’s second-slowest pace last season. Now that he has recovered from season-ending treatment for blood clots on his lung, Chris Bosh hopes to play as he did in his most productive year in a Heat uniform, the 2013-14 season. His conditioning and versatility ensure that his game will continue to age like fine wine. Many want to compare Justise Winslow, a former Duke standout, to a younger version of Wade, but Wade says Winslow’s size and strength remind him of a younger version of Metta World Peace, the artist formerly known as Ron Artest. To complicate matters further: CARMELO thinks Winslow’s top comp is another Heat teammate, Deng. The post-LeBron James era got off to a disastrous start last season for the Miami Heat, who endured a 37-45 campaign that was riddled with injuries and dumped the team outside of the playoffs for the first time in seven years. A potentially devastating offseason could have followed, but some semblance of order and continuity was restored when franchise anchor Dwyane Wade patched up differences with management and settled on a one-year, $20 million contract for this season. Point guard Goran Dragic signed a long-term deal. Promising center Hassan Whiteside continued to develop, and both Chris Bosh and Josh McRoberts are healed and healthy coming off season-ending maladies last year. All signs point to a Heat revival in the East and an opportunity, if the team stays relatively healthy, to stare down LeBron in the postseason.FiveThirtyEight’s CARMELO, on the other hand, projects the Heat to go 38-44 and fall just below .500. We’re inaugurating our NBA player projection system, CARMELO, with 2015-16 season previews for every team in the league. Check out the teams we’ve already previewed here. Learn more about CARMELO here. If Dwyane Wade had a million dollars for every game he missed last season — oh, wait. Evaluating Wade is all about vantage point. He’ll point to the fact that he was second in the league in usage rate last season, but skeptics counter that injuries prevented him from being used for at least 20 games for a second straight season. CARMELO expects Wade to be a shadow of his former self; his top comp, another great in the last chapter of his career. After spending a decade in Chicago, Luol Deng struggled with the turbulence that moved him to Cleveland and ultimately to Miami in the span of a few months. After failing to find comfort with his role last season, he’s banking on that to change in a contract year. It figures that a projection system named after a member of the longtime rival New York Knicks would take such a low-blow shot at the Heat. So a year after hitting rock-bottom and winning just 37 games during an injury-ravaged season, Miami is projected to win only one more game? If so, expect a major shakeup for what has been one of the NBA’s most stable franchises.Here are the CARMELO projections for Miami’s core players: The promising yet enigmatic big man did something last season that hadn’t been done in 50 years: Hassan Whiteside averaged 11 points, 10 rebounds and 2.6 blocks in less than 24 minutes a game. That’s profound efficiency, but the key now for Whiteside is to develop consistency. The route from a $21 million salary last season to the $1.6 million vet’s minimum this season involved plenty of sacrifice for Amar’e Stoudemire. But it’ll require even more if Stoudemire is willing to accept a reduced role off the bench to make this work in Miami.Read more: 2015-16 NBA Previews read more

Matthijs de Ligt Hazard is truly out of this world

first_imgAjax defender Matthijs de Ligt described Eden Hazard as “out of this world” after squaring up against the Belgium star in a friendly on Tuesday.The Dutch side settled for a 1-1 draw with Belgium in Brussels after Arnaut Groeneveld cancelled out Dries Mertens’ opener in the first half.The highly-rated De Ligt, 19, featured in the first half like Hazard and was impressed by the Chelsea attacker.“I obviously knew about the size of [Romelu] Lukaku,” the Ajax defender told FourFourTwo.“And Hazard is truly out of this world. It’s been some night for me.”Virgil van Dijk, NetherlandsVan Dijk isn’t better than Messi & Ronaldo, says Van der Vaart Andrew Smyth – September 12, 2019 Rafael van der Vaart reckons Virgil van Dijk is “special”, but he’s still behind Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo as the world’s best players.The teenager enjoyed the opportunity to face some of the world’s best, saying: “It was fantastic.“You start playing football for games like these. Strikers like Lukaku, wingers like Hazard, it’s great to face them on the pitch.”De Ligt has made 11 international appearances but dismissed suggestions he was already a certain starter for the Netherlands.“I wouldn’t say irreplaceable, but I have played many games recently,” he said.“That was one of my goals, but to be irreplaceable, you have to play really consistently over a longer period of time.”last_img read more

This black hole spits out jet beams like a weird spinning top

first_img Tags “This is one of the most extraordinary black hole systems I’ve ever come across,” explained Associate Professor James Miller-Jones, lead author of a study recently published in Nature.”Like many black holes, it’s feeding on a nearby star, pulling gas away from the star and forming a disk of material that encircles the black hole and spirals towards it under gravity.”What’s different in V404 Cygni is that we think the disk of material and the black hole are misaligned.”This appears to be causing the inner part of the disk to wobble like a spinning top and fire jets out in different directions as it changes orientation.” Think of the black hole in V404 Cygni as a gigantic, light consuming Beyblade that’s starting to run out of juice. It’s no longer spinning straight, it’s wobbling all over the place.You can read more about the ground breaking discovery here, at ICRAR’s official website. Post a comment 14 genius Stephen Hawking quotes that will make you question your place in the universe (pictures) Trippy. ICRAR The year 2019 has been a big one for black holes. To begin with, we saw one for the first time. We also discovered 83 of them at the edge of our universe. No big deal.Now recent research is uncovering more about the insanely dense, spacetime bending bad boys of the universe. Get this: while most black holes are thought to “spin” (thanks to the space dust and gas in orbital motion around the black hole) scientists have discovered a black hole that does things a little differently.V404 Cygni is a binary system in the constellation of Cygnus. At its center is a black hole that is currently in the process of absorbing a low mass nearby star. Astronomers from the International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research in Perth, Western Australia noticed that the black hole in V404 Cygni was spitting out bright jet beams of matter into space. That’s relatively normal, what wasn’t normal was the direction the matter was being sprayed. As a result of the way black holes normally spin, the matter tends to spray out in the same direction. This time it was being sprayed out at different angles. The jets appear to be rapidly rotating.You can see this visualized in the below animation. The conclusion: this black hole is spinning a little differently than the rest. 0 Share your voice 14 Photos Sci-Techlast_img read more

Political Roundup The End Is Near — Of The Legislative Session That

first_img Share To embed this piece of audio in your site, please use this code: 00:00 /19:43 We’re down to the final days in the state legislative session. The House passed a pair of flood control bills, providing up to $3 billion in funding. And there’s the usual flurry of activity in the final days of the regular session.In the audio above, we discuss that and other developments of recent days in politics with University of Houston lecturer and political analyst Nancy Sims and University of Houston political science professor Brandon Rottinghaus. Listen Xlast_img

Two for the price of one Singlemolecule microscopy simultaneously monitors protein structure

first_img Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. More information: Single-molecule resolution of protein structure and interfacial dynamics on biomaterial surfaces, PNAS November 26, 2013 vol. 110 no. 48 19396-19401, doi:10.1073/pnas.1311761110 Moreover, Kaar continues, monitoring molecule-by-molecule structure changes in organophosphorus hydrolase had its own challenges related to eliminating mislabeled protein molecules – that is, molecules with other than one donor and one acceptor fluorophore – from analysis. “We met this challenge by creating and implementing filters during data analysis that separated signals from properly labeled and mislabeled species.”Kaar points out that using SM-FRET tracking had its own issue. For one, it required high-throughput tracking algorithms (developed by co-authors Kastantin and Schwartz) critical to monitor changes in FRET signals for large numbers of molecules, which in turn was essential to identifying protein structure changes accurately (that is, with high statistical confidence). He points out that SM-FRET also required prior knowledge of the crystal structure of OPH, which was needed to make the FRET signal indicative of quantitative changes in protein conformation.The study’s results suggest that surfaces may act as a source of unfolded (that is, aggregation-prone) protein back into solution – but validating this implication faces the challenge of identifying the conformation of protein molecules immediately before desorption from the surface. “The question of whether the unfolded proteins induced aggregation in solution after desorption remains to be fully understood,” Kaar explains. “Fully understanding if this is actually the case requires further analysis of protein in solution in the presence of the surface.”The team leveraged two key innovations to address these research challenges – the implementation of site-specific labeling methods, and high-throughput tracking algorithms with SM-FRET. “Combining these methods enabled the decoupling of surface-induced conformational changes from protein adsorption and desorption events,” Kaar notes. “By decoupling such phenomenon, this approach allowed us to overcome the limitations of conventional surface characterization methods.”The research also shows that SM-FRET permits a unique level of understanding of the ways in which surface chemistry influences molecular conformation and, in turn, function. “By observing molecular-level changes in protein structure in isolation from competing surface dynamics, it’s easier to make a direct connection between surface chemistry and conformation,” Kaar points out. “Therefore, it is more straightforward to see the effects of surface chemistry and can lead to new ideas for how to improve chemistry for a given application.Another important finding is that the new method will enable the creation of surfaces and modifications with improved biocompatibility by uncovering the connection between surface properties and protein unfolding. “This connection is critical to inspiring and developing surfaces and modifications that meld with the biological world,” Kaar explains. “For example, with this understanding, we can begin to design surfaces that promote protein folding and therefore favorable responses from cells present in the surrounding milieu. In this example, the folded state of the protein may display certain biological signals to cells that thwart unwanted inflammatory or harmful reactions while instructing cells to respond in ways that may facilitate proliferation, differentiation or even wound healing in vivo.”Kaar tells Phys.org that future experiments are aimed at determining if the observed effects of fused silica on organophosphorus hydrolase are general or specific to this combination of surface and protein. “We plan to address this question by probing how fused silica and surfaces with other properties impact the folding of other proteins. We’re also interested in expanding our methods to understand how surface effects on conformation impact the binding of a third protein species. Understanding this impact is critical to, for example, enumerating how cells respond to biological cues on surfaces in physiological environments.” Other innovations that the researchers may develop, Kaar adds, include more sophisticated labeling to minimize SM-FRET protein mislabeling on surfaces, as well as labeling and detection schemes to enable multiple molecular events, including unfolding and binding, to be monitored simultaneously.”Given that the interaction of proteins and surfaces are relevant in virtually all areas of biotechnology,” Kaar notes, “many other areas of research – for example, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, biosensing, biocatalysis, and pharmaceutical protein formulation – may benefit from exploiting our approach.” (Phys.org) —Proteins accomplish something rather amazing: A protein can have many functions, with a given function being determined by the way they fold into a specific three-dimensional geometry, or conformations. Moreover, the structural transitions form one conformation to another is reversible. However, while these dynamics affect protein conformation and therefore function, and so are critical to a wide range of areas, methods for understanding how proteins behave near surfaces, which is complicated by protein and surface heterogeneities, has remained elusive. Recently, however, scientists at University of Colorado utilized a method known as Single-Molecule Förster Resonance Energy Transfer (SM-FRET) tracking to monitor dynamic changes in protein structure and interfacial behavior on surfaces by single-molecule Förster resonance energy transfer, allowing them to explicate changes in protein structure at the single-molecule level. (SM-FRET describes energy transfer between two chromophores – molecular components that determine its color.) In addition, the researchers state that their approach is suitable for studying virtually any protein, thereby providing a framework for developing surfaces and surface modifications with improved biocompatibility. Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences © 2013 Phys.org. All rights reserved. Citation: Two for the price of one: Single-molecule microscopy simultaneously monitors protein structure and function (2013, December 4) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-12-price-single-molecule-microscopy-simultaneously-protein.html Protein surfaces defects act as drug targets Structure of OPH showing the position of site-specific donor and acceptor labeling. OPH is a homodimer (C2 symmetry) that consists of two (α/β)8 monomers. The position K175, which was replaced with AzF in monomers A and B of OPH, is highlighted (yellow). Credit: Copyright © PNAS, doi:10.1073/pnas.1311761110 Prof. Joel L. Kaar discussed the paper he and his co-authors, Dr. Sean Yu McLoughlin, Prof. Mark Kastantin and Prof. Daniel K. Schwartz, recently published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. “The primary challenges in devising our approach to characterizing changes in protein structure were implementing a site-specific labeling method, which enabled single-molecule resolution, as well as a method to only image molecules at the solution-surface interface,” Kaar tells Phys.org. The scientists overcame the former challenge by incorporating unnatural amino acids – that is, those not among the 20 so-called standard amino acids – with unique functional groups for labeling with fluorophores (chemical compounds that can re-emit light upon light excitation); the latter, by using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy, which only excites molecules in the near-surface environment, thereby minimizing the background fluorescence of molecules free in solution. “Although site-specific labeling methods have been used to monitor changes in protein conformation mainly in bulk solution, such techniques have not previously been exploited to study freely diffusible protein molecules at interfaces,” Kaar adds. As such, the researchers are the first to apply site-specific labeling methods to study protein-surface interactions,”The major challenge associated with incorporating unnatural amino acids for labeling was related to the optimization of protein expression,” Kaar continues. Specifically, he explains, the expression of the enzyme organophosphorus hydrolase (OPH) – which is notoriously difficult to make in large quantities due to inclusion body formation – with the unnatural amino acid p-azido-L-Phe (AzF) had to be optimized to efficiently incorporate p-azido-L-Phe. (Inclusion body formation refers to the intracellular aggregation of partially folded expressed proteins,) “This process required modification of expression conditions,” he adds, “in which bacteria with modified genetic machinery were grown to enable production of soluble enzyme for single-molecule experiments.”last_img read more